Chinese garlic has long been exported to foreign countries due to its high quality and low price and has long occupied an important position in the international market. The most famous are Shandong Cangshan Puke Garlic, Shandong Jinxiang White Garlic, Hebei Yongnian Garlic, and Xinjiang White Garlic. It is mainly due to the gradual specialization and large-scale cultivation of garlic in China. A large number of large-scale special equipment such as sorters and splitters have been invested in the process of garlic harvesting. From the initial small-scale planting to the current garlic industry cluster, a cluster including garlic planting, refrigeration, processing, export, and related entities has been formed. Let’s look at how to harvest garlic and when garlic is ready to harvest in China!
When is garlic ready to harvest?
Generally, when is garlic ready to harvest in China? If you want to know when to harvest garlic, you should first learn garlic cultivation in China.
(1) Garlic cultivation in china is divided into spring sowing and autumn sowing. The spring planting time is around March, and the autumn planting time is generally around September to October. However, the time of harvesting garlic is generally between mid-to-late May and June each year. Under normal circumstances, people can harvest garlic about 25 days after harvesting garlic stalks. The bottom leaves of mature garlic will turn yellow, and then the garlic skin will become thinner.
(2) In the north of China’s 38°N latitude, people will adopt spring sowing generally and carry out sowing in March due to the low temperature in winter. In the south of 35°N, people adopt autumn planting generally and carry out planting between September and October. And in the area between 35°-38°N, both spring sowing and autumn sowing are possible. But the yield of harvesting garlic in autumn is higher than that sow garlic in spring.
(3) The growth cycle of planting garlic in spring is relatively short, about 90-100 days. Relatively, the growth cycle of garlic grown in autumn is longer, about 220-280 days. Therefore, it led to a higher yield of harvested garlic in autumn than that of garlic sowed in spring.
How to harvest garlic?
Garlic cultivation in china
The first step of harvesting garlic is to sow garlic. So far, large-scale and mechanized garlic cultivation has been popularized in the plains and hilly areas of China’s east and west. Therefore, people generally use an automated planting machine when garlic cultivation in china, which comes with a cover, a leveler, and a silo. Installing a seed metering shaft and a seed metering device under the silo and several funnels under the seed metering device and installing a detachable opener under the frame.Equipment a leveler in front of the opener, and a grounding cover behind the opener. The machine ditches the garlic seeds and covers them with soil. Installing a ground wheel on one side of the frame. And connect a ground wheel with the seed metering shaft through a transmission structure. Equipping the rear part of the frame with a detachable seat, and equipping the front part with a drive rod.
Automatic garlic harvesting
How do you know garlic is ready to harvest and how long to harvest garlic? Above all, the root-cutting tooth-shaped rotary cutter of the garlic harvest machine cuts the garlic roots, then cuts the stems with the tooth-shaped rotary cutter to cut the garlic stems, and then sends the garlic heads into the conveyor and finally enters the silo. The garlic seedlings continue to move on the clamping and conveying mechanism, and the stalks fall into the soil after harvest, which ensures high efficiency when harvesting garlic.The garlic harvesting machine uses a self-propelled program to harvest garlic in an integrated manner. From excavation to clamping and extraction, flexible conveying, soil cleaning, rod removal, and bagging, one machine can complete it all. Using automated machines to harvest garlic can harvest 30-50 mu of garlic a day, saving a lot of labor.
Automatic garlic grading and sorting
Classification after harvesting garlic. People always use a garlic sorting machine to sort garlic. There is a storage hopper on the part of fram. And arranging several layers of filter screens in sequence from top to bottom in the frame. The filter screens of each level are crawler filter screens, and guide plates are respectively provided at corresponding positions. In addition, arranging the guide plates fixedly on the frame. Providing a regular hexagonal rotating shaft on ends of the crawler filter screen. And sleeving the crawler filter screen on the regular hexagonal rotating shaft. Arranging the standard hexagonal rotating shaft fixedly on the frame. Connecting a pulley to the power output device through a belt drive at one end of the rotating shaft. Manual sorting garlic sorting efficiency is low, and the workload of workers is heavy.Using a garlic sorting machine can improve the efficiency of garlic screening.
Automatic garlic washing and air drying
how long to dry garlic after harvest? People will clean and air-dry garlic after sorting. Similarly, the garlic cleaning machine effectively removes pesticide residues on the garlic’s surface and cleans the surface impurities. Floating matter can overflow from the overflow tank of the garlic washing machine. And the sediment will flow out from the sewage outlet to achieve the purpose of cleaning. The garlic washing machine is equipped with a circulating water pump and a filter water tank to realize the recycling of washing water and save water. In addition, the garlic drying machine drives the chain to pull the suction roller to make it evenly rotate. So the garlic will be absorbed dry while passing through the sponge roller, without harming the brightness of the garlic surface. Besides, the garlic drying machine has the functions of automatic squeezing and automatic disinfection. The machine adopts intermittent squeezing mode and adjusts the interval time and squeezing time.
The above is about when to harvest garlic and how to harvest garlic in China. All in all, Chinese garlic has realized a large-scale mechanized process from planting to harvesting. If you want to know more about how long to harvest garlic and when garlic is ready to harvest, please follow us.