As a member in the allium family, garlic is an ancient bulbous vegetable. It requires very little space and is easy to grow in the garden or farm. Garlic bulbs grows from individual garlic cloves broken off from a bulb. Every clove will multiply underground to form a new garlic bulb consisting of 5-10 cloves. Garlic bulbs are used for flavoring in many recipes and tastes great.
Q1:WHERE TO BUY GARLIC BULBS FOR PLANTING?
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Q2:WHICH KIND OF GARLIC FOR YOU TO PLANT?
If you plan to replant garlic on your own stock, select the best and biggest heads from the summer’s harvest. When purchasing, you need to look for bulbs of garlic garlic specifically sold for planting. Most garlic bulbs bought from the produce section in supermarkets are treated with a sprout inhibitor for preventing them from growing. Three main types of bulbs of garlic are listed below:
Hardneck Garlic Bulbs
Hardneck bulbs of garlicfor sale produce a stiff stem growing up through the garlic bulb center. , Hardneck garlic bulbs for sale have a relatively sharper flavor compared to soft-neck varieties, with more variation among the varieties in flavor. Also, they’re hardier, which makes them a good selection for areas with chilly winters. However, once harvested the shelf-life of hardneck garlic bulbs is shorter than that of soft–neck varieties. If you grow hardneck garlic bulbs for planting, probably, they’ll form curly scapes. You should cut them off to allow plants to direct their energy for producing large underground bulbs of garlic. Their tender stalks can be used for saut or stir-fries with vegetables.
Softneck Garlic Bulbs
Softneck garlic bulbs won’t produce a stiff central stem. Softneck bulbs of garlic has a somewhat mild flavor. It is the best choice for making garlic braids and it’s the type to grow if you live in regions with mild winters.
Elephant garlic seed is a variety with a giant head. Despite elephant garlic seed belongs to the same genus of Allium, they are not “true” bulbs of garlic and more related closely to the leek.
Q3:HOW TO PLANT GARLIC BULBS?
(1) Where to Plant Garlic Bulbs?
You should plant garlic in the area where no vegetables from the onion family grow. We don’t recommend you to plant bulbs of garlic in where water may collect around the roots, making them become diseased or rotted.
(2) When to Plant Garlic Bulbs?
In Vermont, it’s easy for you to tell when to plant bulbs of garlic. Look up at the hillsides. It’s time to grow garlic bulbs for planting if they’re a blaze of orange, red, and yellow.
Fall Planting: You should grow cloves for planting in a sunny location with well-drained and rich soil in mid-autumn. Set roots of organic garlic bulbs side down, and cover them with fine soil of 1-2inches. In the Northern area, put down a mulch of 6 inches for winter protection. Then garlic will start growth late in early spring or autumn.
Spring Planting: Grow garlic bulbs for planting in spring when soil can be worked, nearly the same time when onion sets. The manner of putting bulbs of garlic planted in spring in the ground should be the same as that in the fall.
(3) 5 Steps to Plant Garlic
Step 1:Soil preparation for bulbs of garlic: You should plant bulbs of garlic in a well-drained and fertile soil. A raised bed can work very well. Please remove stones from 6 inches of soil top. Work several inches of well-rotted manure or compost into the bed, together with 10-10-10 fertilizer.
Step 2: Prior to planting, you should break up garlic seeds into individual cloves, making as much of papery covering as possible on every clove intact.
Step 3:Plant cloves at the depth of 3-4 inches, orient them to make the pointy ends face up.
Step 4:Gently water for settling the soil, then cover the bed with a straw layer of 4-6 inches. The soil will keep warm enough to establish roots for the newly planted bulbs of garlic before the ground freezes, even as air temperatures drop. In fall, you’ll sometimes see -green shoots form. that’s fine and won’t harm plants. They’ll begin growing in earnest in spring.
Step 5:After planting, you should lay down a mulch of chopped leaves, straw, or grass clippings for protecting bulbs of garlic for planting. In regions with cold-winter, the mulch should approximately be 4 inches thick. Mulch helps to prevent alternate freezing and thawing from heaving out the garlic roots of the ground. In milder climates, a mulch of light application is useful in controlling the growth of winter weeds.
Keep the bed watered and weeded in next summer and spring. It is crucial to feed the garlic plants for encouraging good growth when the leaves start to grow. You should gently work 1-2 teaspoon of a high-nitrogen fertilizer which slowly decomposes, like Osmocote or blood meal into the soil near every garlic plant. Please add a layer to keep weeds under control and retain moisture if the mulch has decomposed. Some garlic in late spring varieties produce flower stalks with small bulbils. Cut the stalks off. It will ensure all food produced by the plants to go into bulbs of garlic themselves, instead of the clusters of bulbils. In June the garlic plants start to form bulbs and stop producing new leaves.You need to stop watering and remove all remaining mulch at this time. If you make the soil around the bulb dry out, the garlic will store better.
Q4:WHEN TO HARVEST &HOW TO STORE GARLIC BULBS
When most of garlic leaves turn brown, it’s time for you to harvest garlic. Depending on your climate, the period is usually from mid-July to early August. During the time you may dig the bulbs of garlic up, must be careful not to bruise them. Bulbs of garlic may separate and won’t store well if they’re left underground too long. You should lay garlic plants out for 2-3 weeks in a shady area where the air circulation is good to dry. If it is forecasted to rain in your area, must bring the garlic plants in. When garlic roots feel dry and brittle, rub garlic roots and any loose dirt off. Don’t break garlic bulbs apart or get them wet, otherwise the plants won’t last for long.
Either cut the stem some inches above the bulbs of garlic, or tie the garlic in bunches and braid the leaves. Then store the loose bulbs on slatted shelves or screens or hang the bunches and braids in an airy and cool location. To replant in autumn,you need to set aside some largest garlic bulbs.
You should often check your stored bulbs of garlic during the winter months, and use promptly garlic bulbs showing signs of sprouting. All bulbs of garlic care made up by several sections named garlic cloves, together held by a papery and thin covering. Break cloves apart before planting,.In late summer, you can bend over tops of garlics to hasten their drying and yellowing. Afterwards, pull up the garlic plants for allowing them to dry a few hours in sun. Spread out for 2-3 weeks in a well-ventilated place until they are dry thoroughly. Braid tops together into strings or cut tops off 1-2 inches above garlic bulbs. Hang garlic strings or store loose bulbs in a cool, dry, and airy place in baskets.